Management Tool: Focus on doing things right and in the right order
Once you know where you want to get to as defined in the IO Mapthen you need to make sure that you do the right things to get there.
The Strategy and Tactics Tree will help us think through and develop a mental picture of the necessary actions that will result in achieving the goal. The S&T Tree helps us to break down the big picture into smaller more manageable steps; each step has an action (tactic) and an objective (strategy). The logic structure of the S&T Tree will enable individuals to understand how it is possible achieve individual objectives and give recommendations on how they think the objectives could be achieved most efficiently.
When managers have a clear picture of all the actions that need to be carried out they can also determine if their teams have the required skills, knowledge and talents.
As we carry out the actions (tactics) and complete each step in the S&T Tree, we have the possibility to measure how well the team is doing. Based on this feedback it is possible evaluate if and what corrective actions need to be taken.
Before starting the Strategy and Tactics Tree I recommend that you develop the IO Map
Structure of an S&T Tree
The following is a description as to how we use each of the five entities shown above.
Why we need to achieve this step (Strategy & Tactic) before we can do the parent Tactic
The objective we want to achieve after the action (Tactic) has been carried out. Normally written in the present tense.
The Action that needs to be taken in order to achieve the above strategy
An assumption about what will happen if the corresponding tactic is not carried out.
An assumption supporting the action and the benefit of the action.
An assumption as to why certain other steps must be completed before the action (Tactic) in this step can be carried out.
Normally the S&T Tree will be 5 to 7 levels deep with the lower levels describing more specific actions.
This thinking process and the S&T Tree is extremely useful for transitioning a company or department from its current status to a future more desirable status. It can just as well be used for company start-ups and company merges.
By writing down each action (tactic) to be taken and in which order we make our intentions clear and open for all stakeholders to see and hopefully give candid feedback on. This in turn will help ensure that we do not miss out on important steps or include unnecessary steps.